Jan 31, 2007

Migrant CARE: Amnesty International Mendesak Pembatalan Eksekusi Mati Terhadap Siti Zaenab

From: Wahyu Susilo
E-mail: wahyu@infid.org


Tuntutan pembatalan hukuman mati terhadap Siti Zaenab bukan hanya dilontarkan
oleh ornop Indonesia dan keluarga Siti Zaenab, tetapi juga didesakkan oleh
organisasi HAM Internasional Amnesty International yang telah memantau
perkembangan kasus Siti Zaenab sejak di persidangan tahun 1999.

Setidaknya dalam setahun terakhir ini, organisasi yang berbasis di London sudah
tiga kali mengeluarkan urgent action mengenai kasus Siti Zaenab, yaitu pada
tanggal 9 Nopember 2006, 23 Nopember 2006 dan 26 Januari 2007. Ini memperlihatkan
bahwa eksekusi terhadap Siti Zaenab kemungkinan akan dilakukan dalam waktu yang
tidak lama lagi sehingga Amnesty International melakukan segala upaya untuk
mencegah agar eksekusi tersebut dibatalkan.

Ironisnya, walau kasus ini telah menjadi keprihatinan internasional belum ada
sikap pro aktif dari Pemerintah Indonesia untuk mengupayakan pembatalan eksekusi
terhadap Siti Zaenab. Bahkan sikap Depnakertrans cenderung meremehkan urgent
action ini dan menuduh bahwa ekspose kasus ini mengada-ada. Pernyataan ini
disampaikan oleh Marjono, Direktur Advokasi dan Pembelaan, Ditjen PPTKLN
Depnakertrans RI.

Untuk hal tersebut, Migrant CARE mendukung sepenuhnya tuntutan Amnesty
International untuk pembatalan eksekusi mati Siti Zaenab dan mendesak kepada
Presiden RI Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono untuk melakukan diplomasi tingkat tinggi
dengan Raja Arab Saudi demi pembatalan eksekusi mati Siti Zaenab.

Jakarta, 31 Januari 2006


Wahyu Susilo Wahyu Susilo
Policy Analyst Executive Director

Kontak: Wahyu Susilo (08129307964), Anis Hidayah (081578722874)





PUBLIC AI Index: MDE 23/003/2007
26 January 2007
Further Information on UA 299/06 (MDE 23/003/2006, 09 November 2006) and
follow-up (MDE 23/005/2006, 23 November 2006) - Fear of Imminent Execution and
new concerns: Prison conditions/Medical Concern

SAUDI ARABIA Hadi Sa'eed Al-Muteef (m), Saudi Arabian national, aged 31Suliamon Olyfemi (m), Nigerian national, aged about 28Siti Zainab Binti Duhri Rupa (f), Indonesian nationalAhmed al-Bahrani (m), Saudi Arabian nationalAn unknown number of others under sentence of death
Hadi Sa’eed Al-Muteef has reportedly attempted suicide twice in eight days, by
swallowing nails. It is not clear where the nails came from. He was hospitalised
on both occasions, but then returned to solitary confinement. He reportedly
suffers from depression and other mental illness.

Hadi Sa’eed Al-Muteef is held at a prison in Najran, in the Western Province of
Saudi Arabia. He began a hunger strike on 14 January to protest against being
sentenced to death and having spent 13 years in prison. On 18 January he was
taken to King Khaled hospital in Najran after an attempt to commit suicide by
swallowing nails, which caused his abdomen to become swollen. He was discharged
from hospital on 21 January, after an operation to remove the nails, only to be
returned to solitary confinement. He is said to have made a second suicide
attempt on 25 January, again by swallowing nails. He is now in King Khaled
hospital, under police guard, and is allowed contact with medical staff only.
He was reportedly arrested in 1994. He was sentenced to death in 1997 after
proceedings that failed to meet minimum international standards for fair trial,
and on a vague charge relating to comments he had made that were deemed to be
contrary to Islam. He did not to have access to a lawyer during either
interrogation or the trial. The death sentence was upheld by the Court of
Cassation in 2001.

His family reportedly sought clemency from the King. but it is not clear whether
the King has accepted their plea.

All four prisoners named above remain at imminent risk of execution.

BACKGROUND INFORMATION

The execution of anyone suffering from psychological problems flouts
international standards of justice, as reflected in resolution 2000/65 adopted by
the UN Commission on Human Rights in April 2000 which urges countries “"not to
impose the death penalty on a person suffering from any form of mental disorder
or to execute such a person”".

RECOMMENDED ACTION:

Please send appeals to arrive as quickly as possible, in English, Arabic or your own language:- expressing concern at reports that Hadi Sa’eed Al-Muteef has been able to
attempt suicide while in custody, and urging the authorities to ensure that he
has full and regular access to any medical treatment he may need;- calling on the authorities to commute Hadi Sa’eed Al-Muteef’s death sentence;- calling on the authorities to commute the death sentences of all those on death
row as a matter of urgency, including those of Suliamon Olyfemi, Siti Zainab
Binti Duhri Rupa and Ahmed al-Bahrani, with a view to eventually abolishing the
death penalty altogether;- pointing out that the death penalty is a violation of the right to life and the ultimate cruel, inhuman and degrading punishment;- urging the authorities to ensure that their courts uphold international standards for fair trial.

APPEALS TO:
King Abdullah Bin ‘Abdul ‘Aziz Al-Saud
The Custodian of the two Holy Mosques
Office of His Majesty The KingRoyal Court
Riyadh Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

Salutation: Your Majesty
His Royal Highness Prince Naif bin ‘Abdul ‘Aziz Al-SaudMinister of the InteriorMinistry of the Interior P.O. Box 2933 Airport RoadRiyadh 11134Kingdom of Saudi ArabiaFax: + 966 1 403 1185 / 403 3614Salutation: Your Royal Highness
His Royal Highness Prince Saud al-Faisal bin ‘Abdul ‘Aziz Al-Saud Minister of Foreign AffairsMinistry of Foreign Affairs Nasseriya Street Riyadh 11124Kingdom of Saudi Arabia Fax: + 966 1 403 0645Salutation: Your Royal Highness
COPIES TO: diplomatic representatives of Saudi Arabia accredited to your country.
PLEASE SEND APPEALS IMMEDIATELY. Check with the International Secretariat, or
your section office, if sending appeals after 9 March 2007.********
PUBLIC AI Index: MDE 23/005/2006 23 November 2006
Further Information on UA 299/06 (MDE 23/003/2006, 09 November 2006) – Fear of
imminent execution
SAUDI ARABIA Suliamon Olyfemi (m), Nigerian national, aged about 28 Siti Zainab Binti Duhri Rupa (f), Indonesian national Hadi Sa’eed Al-Muteef (m), Saudi Arabian national, aged 31An unknown number of others under sentence of deathNew name: Ahmad al-Bahrani (m)
The recent surge in the rate of executions is continuing unabated. At least seven
prisoners have been executed since 13 November, bringing the total number of
executions during November to at least 11.
Another man is now reported to be at risk of execution. Saudi Arabian national
Ahmad al-Bahrani was sentenced to death for murder and was reportedly pardoned by
the relatives of the murder victim in exchange for payment of the sum of 6
million Riyals (US$1.6 million) as diya (financial compensation). However
according to Saudi Arabian press reports he was unable to pay the first
instalment of 3 million Riyals (US$800,000], due by the end of October 2006, and
is therefore once again at risk of imminent execution.
Amnesty International is concerned that the four prisoners named above, and an
unknown number of others, may be at risk of imminent execution.
At least one prisoner was pardoned by relatives of the murder victim shortly
before he was due to be executed, on 12 November, in the south-western city of
Jizan.
BACKGROUND INFORMATION
Saudi Arabia applies the death penalty for a wide range of offences. Court
proceedings fall far short of international standards for fair trial, and often
take place behind closed doors.
Defendants are rarely allowed formal representation by a lawyer, and in many
cases are not informed of the progress of legal proceedings against them. They
may be convicted solely on the basis of confessions obtained under duress,
torture or deception.
RECOMMENDED ACTION: Please send appeals to arrive as quickly as possible, in
Arabic or your own language:- expressing concern at the recent increase in the rate of executions in Saudi
Arabia;- calling on the authorities to commute the death sentences of all those on death
row in Saudi Arabia as a matter of urgency, including Suliamon Olyfemi, Siti
Zainab Binti Duhri Rupa, Hadi Sa’eed Al-Muteef and Ahmad al-Bahrani, with a view
to the abolition of the death penalty;- urging them to ensure that international standards for fair trial are observed.
APPEALS TO:King Abdullah Bin ‘Abdul ‘Aziz Al-SaudThe Custodian of the two Holy MosquesOffice of His Majesty The KingRoyal CourtRiyadhKingdom of Saudi ArabiaSalutation: Your Majesty
His Royal Highness Prince Naif bin ‘Abdul ‘Aziz Al-SaudMinister of the InteriorMinistry of the Interior P.O. Box 2933 Airport RoadRiyadh 11134Kingdom of Saudi ArabiaFax: + 966 1 403 1185+ 966 1 403 3614Salutation: Your Royal Highness
His Royal Highness Prince Saud al-Faisal bin ‘Abdul ‘Aziz Al-Saud Minister of Foreign AffairsMinistry of Foreign Affairs Nasseriya Street Riyadh 11124Kingdom of Saudi Arabia Fax: + 966 1 403 0645Salutation: Your Royal Highness
COPIES TO: diplomatic representatives of Saudi Arabia accredited to your country.
PLEASE SEND APPEALS IMMEDIATELY. Check with the International Secretariat, or
your section office, if sending appeals after 4 January 2007.










PUBLIC AI Index: MDE 23/003/2006 09 November 2006
UA 299/06 Fear of imminent execution
SAUDI ARABIA Suliamon Olyfemi (m), Nigerian national, aged about 28 Siti Zainab Binti Duhri Rupa (f), Indonesian national Hadi Sa’eed Al-Muteef (m), Saudi Arabian national,aged 31An unknown number of others under sentence of death
The three prisoners named above, and an unknown number of others, may be at risk
of imminent execution. There has been an increase in the number of executions
recently: at least 23 people have been executed in Saudi Arabia this year, and
eight people, mostly foreign nationals, have been executed since 29 October.
Suliamon Olyfemi, a Nigerian national, was reportedly sentenced to death at a
closed trial in May 2005 in connection with the murder of a policeman in Jeddah
in 2002. He was one of 13 Nigerian men arrested in September 2002 in connection
with the murder. The twelve others were sentenced to prison terms and corporal
punishment (see UA 323/04, MDE 23/016/2004, 26 November 2004, and follow-ups).
During his trial, Suliamon Olyfemi was reported to have had no access to legal
representation or consular assistance, and did not have adequate translation.
Siti Zainab Binti Duhri Rupa, an Indonesian national and a mother of two, has
been detained in Medina Prison since 1999. She was arrested in connection with
the murder of her employer in September 1999. She reportedly suffers from a
mental illness and is said to have "confessed" to the murder during police
interrogation.
Hadi Sa’eed Al-Muteef, a Saudi Arabian national, has reportedly been sentenced to
death on a vague charge relating to comments he made that were deemed to be
contrary to Shar’ia. He was said not to have had access to a lawyer either during
interrogation or the trial, nor was he informed of proceedings against him or
appeal processes in his case. Doctors have concluded that he suffers from mental
illness, including depression, and that he cannot be responsible for his actions.
He was sentenced to death by a Lower Court in 1997. The sentence was said to be
upheld on appeal. He was arrested in January 1994.
The execution of anyone that suffers from psychological problems flouts
international standards of justice as reflected in resolution 2000/65 adopted by
the UN Commission on Human Rights in April 2000, which urges countries "not to
impose the death penalty on a person suffering from any form of mental disorder
or to execute such a person".
Amnesty International recognises the rights and responsibilities of all
governments to bring to justice those guilty of recognizably criminal offences.
However, Amnesty International is fundamentally opposed to the death penalty as
the ultimate violation of the right to life.
BACKGROUND INFORMATIONSaudi Arabia applies the death penalty for a wide range of offences. Court
proceedings fall far short of international standards for fair trial, and take
place behind closed doors.
Defendants are rarely allowed formal representation by a lawyer, and in many
cases are not informed of the progress of legal proceedings against them. They
may be convicted solely on the basis of confessions obtained under duress,
torture or deception.
RECOMMENDED ACTION: Please send appeals to arrive as quickly as possible, in
English or your own language:- expressing concern at the increase in the recent number of executions in Saudi
Arabia;- calling for the death sentences of all those on death row in Saudi Arabia to be
commuted as a matter of urgency, including Suliamon Olyfemi, Siti Zainab Binti
Duhri Rupa and Hadi Sa’eed Al-Muteef, with a view towards the abolition of the
death penalty;- urging that international standards for fair trials be observed.
APPEALS TO:King Abdullah Bin ‘Abdul ‘Aziz Al-SaudThe Custodian of the two Holy MosquesOffice of His Majesty The KingRoyal CourtRiyadhKingdom of Saudi ArabiaSalutation: Your Majesty
His Royal Highness Prince Naif bin ‘Abdul ‘Aziz Al-SaudMinister of the InteriorMinistry of the Interior P.O. Box 2933 Airport RoadRiyadh 11134Kingdom of Saudi ArabiaFax: + 966 1 403 1185 / 403 3614Salutation: Your Royal Highness
His Royal Highness Prince Saud al-Faisal bin ‘Abdul ‘Aziz Al-Saud Minister of Foreign AffairsMinistry of Foreign Affairs Nasseriya Street Riyadh 11124Kingdom of Saudi Arabia Fax: + 966 1 403 0645Salutation: Your Royal Highness
COPIES TO: diplomatic representatives of Saudi Arabia accredited to your country.
PLEASE SEND APPEALS IMMEDIATELY. Check with the International Secretariat, or
your section office, if sending appeals after 21 December 2006.

Siti Zainab Binti Duhri RupaSiti Zainab Binti Duhri Rupa, an Indonesian national and mother of two, has been
detained in Medina Prison since 1999. She was arrested in connection with the
murder of her employer in September 1999. She is reportedly psychologically ill
and is said to have "confessed" to the murder during police interrogation. AI has
raised concerns with the authorities about the confession in view of her
psychological state and draws their attention to UN Commission on Human Rights
(CHR) resolution 2004/67 of 21 April 2004, para. 4(c) which urges states that
still maintain the death penalty “Not to impose the death penalty on a person
suffering from any form of mental disorder or

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